Francisco Orlich Bolmarcich

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Francisco Orlich
34th President of Costa Rica
In office
8 May 1962 – 8 May 1966
Vice PresidentRaúl Blanco Cervantes
Carlos Sáenz Herrera
Preceded byMario Echandi Jiménez
Succeeded byJosé Joaquín Trejos Fernández
Personal details
Francisco José Orlich Bolmarcich

(1907-03-10)10 March 1907
San Ramón, Costa Rica
Died29 October 1969(1969-10-29) (aged 62)
San José, Costa Rica
Political partyNational Liberation Party (Costa Rica)
(m. 1932)

Francisco José Orlich Bolmarcich[1] (10 March 1907 – 29 October 1969) was the 34th President of Costa Rica from 1962 to 1966.[2] He was an ethnic Croat, a descendant of Croatian settlers from the town Punat on the island of Krk, Croatia.[3] His villa in Punat is named "Villa Costarica".

Together with his brothers he founded in 1928 FJ Orlich & Hnos Ltda. (FJ Orlich & Brothers Limited). At first a large supply store in his hometown of San Ramón, this eventually grew to become one of Costa Rica's largest coffee firms. His half-brother, Franjo Jozef Orlich, the namesake of the firm, moved from Costa Rica to Pennsylvania and worked for Bethlehem Steel as a Pattern Maker in the Castings Plant.

A long-time friend of José Figueres Ferrer, with whom he had traveled together to study in the United States, Orlich was Figueres' second in command within the National Liberation Army in the Costa Rican Civil War.

Following that, the National Liberation Party was founded in the Orlich family farm in La Paz, San Ramón.

He twice served as Public Works Minister (1948–1949, 1953–1957) in Figueres' cabinets. Afterwards he ran for president in 1958, but lost to Mario Echandi Jiménez. He ran again in 1962, against the defeated 1948 leader Dr Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia, and won the presidency.

He was one of the signatories of the agreement to convene a convention for drafting a world constitution.[4][5][6] As a result, for the first time in human history, a World Constituent Assembly convened to draft and adopt the Constitution for the Federation of Earth.[7]

Always called by his countrymen 'Don Chico', during his presidency he faced the major eruption of the Irazú volcano, that started just as U.S. President John F. Kennedy was visiting Costa Rica and lasted for over a year, causing major agricultural damage and landslides in the city of Cartago.

Don Chico left the presidency as a well loved figure and died of a stroke three years later.[citation needed]

He died on 29 October 1969 in San José. His wife, Marita Camacho Quirós, is (As of 2023) 112, thus being the longest living person in Costa Rica and the oldest former First Lady in the world.[citation needed]


  1. ^
  2. ^ El Tribunal Supremo de Elecciones: Presidentes de la República de Costa Rica
  3. ^ "Orlich Bolmarcich, José Francisco | Hrvatska enciklopedija".
  4. ^ Amerasinghe, Terence P. (2009). Emerging World Law, Volume 1. Institute for Economic Democracy. p. 50. ISBN 978-1-933567-16-7.
  5. ^ "Letters from Thane Read asking Helen Keller to sign the World Constitution for world peace. 1961". Helen Keller Archive. American Foundation for the Blind. Retrieved 2023-07-01.
  6. ^ "Letter from World Constitution Coordinating Committee to Helen, enclosing current materials". Helen Keller Archive. American Foundation for the Blind. Retrieved 2023-07-03.
  7. ^ "Preparing earth constitution | Global Strategies & Solutions | The Encyclopedia of World Problems". The Encyclopedia of World Problems | Union of International Associations (UIA). Retrieved 2023-07-15.
Political offices
Preceded by President of Costa Rica
Succeeded by